The literal meaning of the hadith where it says: (you have built the world and ruined the Hereafter) is that the abodes of the Hereafter and paradise are places already built and flourishing that are turned into ruins by our works.
But it is obvious that the intent is parallelism of expression. Since the term ta”mir (building) was used in relation to the world, the parallel term takrib (destruction) was used in relation to the Hereafter.
Although the realms of hell and paradise are creations (of God), the building agency of paradise and the material of hell is subject to the deeds of their inhabitants.
(1) And this interpretation is in accordance with demonstrative proof as well as mystic intuition (kashf). Hence some of the researchers among the mystics have said:
Let it be known to you – may God preserve you and us from error – that hell (Jahannam) is one of God”s great creations, and it is God”s prison in the Hereafter.
It is called “Jahannam” because of the remoteness of its pit. Hence a well with a deep pit is called bi”r jahnam. It contains heat and bitter cold. Its coldness reaches the extreme degree of cold and its heat the extreme degree of hotness.
A distance of seven hundred and fifty years” journey separates its uppermost and lowermost parts. The people disagree as to whether it is a creation or not, and similarly they disagree concerning paradise.
However, in our opinion and that of our companions and the mystics, they are and are not creations. When we say that they are creations, it is like saying of a man building a house and who has built only its boundary walls that “he has built a house.”
However, on entering one sees nothing but an area and space surrounded by a wall. It is only afterwards that its inner quarters shall be built with rooms, compartments, storerooms and water tanks in accordance with the needs of those who shall come to live therein
And it is mentioned in hadith that when the Messenger of Allah went on his noble ascent (mi”raj), he saw certain angels in paradise who would for some time engage in constructing buildings and for some time stopped their work.
The Prophet (S) asked Gabriel (A), “What is the reason behind this?” Gabriel (A) replied, “The material for this building is made up of the remembrance of the individuals of the Ummah. Whenever they engage in remembrance, the material becomes available for building and the angels too resume their building work.
But when they cease in their remembrance, these angels too stop their work.”” (2) The physical form of heaven and hell is made up of the forms of the good and evil works and deeds of the Children of Adam, which return to them in that world.
This has also been referred to in the noble verses of the Qur”an, as in the following utterance of God Almighty:
Indeed, these are your own works that are being returned to you.
It is possible that the worlds of heaven and hell are two independent realms and abodes towards which the Children of Adam journey through substantial motions (harakat-e jawhari) and voluntary spiritual (malakuti) movements derived from their behaviour and character, where they receive their share of the Hereafter in the shape of the forms of their works.
The heaven is the higher malakuti realm, being an independent sphere by itself towards which the felicitous spirits are directed, and the hell is the nether malakuti realm towards which the spirits of the wretched make their journey.
But that which each of them encounters in its own sphere are the fair and blessed or painful and dreadful forms of their own deeds.
This description reconciles the literal meanings of the Book and the traditions -which are apparently contradictory-and is also in agreement with philosophical proofs as well as the teaching of the urafa”.1. Al-Saduq, al-“Amali, majlis no.
The day Abel died, the first human to do so.
Hell is NOT what most churches and religions say it is. While the word hell appears in the bible, the true meaning what hell is has been obscured and twisted by Greek philosophy and early so called “church leaders”.
The word “hell” is an archaic English rendition of the Hebrew word (sheol) and the Greek word (Hades) that appear in the earliest bible writings we have today.
These words rendered into modern language would read, “the grave or under the ground” (sheol), “the place or location of the dead” (Hades). Nothing about a place of eternal punishment.
The English word “hell” itself was derived from the Latin “inferna” which is defined as: “of or relating to a nether world or place of the dead, hell”. It has no relation to the English word “inferno”.
Hell is not an English word. Hel/Hell comes from Germanic and Norse languages and beliefs.
Jesus and the apostles taught the death is like sleep followed by a resurrection (See John 11:11-15).
The early church leaders – Clement, Ignatius, Hermas, Polycarp, and others who believed that death is a sleep followed by a resurrection, taught that the resurrected deliberate and unrepentant wicked are destroyed forever as if being totally consumed in a fire – their punishment was to be annihilation.
These leaders did not teach of an immortal soul to be tortured by fire for eternity.
By the middle of the 2nd Century some church “leaders” such as Athenagorus and Tertullian began to incorporate Greek philosophies into bible teachings.
This diluted and in some cases contradicted what Jesus and the apostles taught.
It was Athenagorus (133 -190 AD), a professed Christian and a church leader but whose teachings, according to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, were heavily influenced by Plato’s philosophies, who introduced Plato’s teaching of an immortal soul into Christianity.
In doing so he opened the way for the adoption of Plato’s argument of eternal punishment for immortal sinful souls
This was a hundred years after the apostle’s and came straight from Greek philosophy.
Hell is the grave, nothing else.
Ecclesiastes 9:5 NKJB5 For the living know that they will die; But the dead know nothing,
And they have no more reward, For the memory of them is forgotten.
Ecclesiastes 9:10 New King James Bible10 Whatever your hand finds to do, do it with your might; for there is no work or device or knowledge or wisdom in the grave where you are going.
John 5:28–29 NKJB8 Do not marvel at this; for the hour is coming in which all who are in the graves will hear His voice 29 and come forth…
Revelation 20:14-15 King James Version14 Then death and hell were thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death.
15 Anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the lake of fire.
These verses are very problematic for hellfire believers and teachers. Death and Hell are inanimate things which cannot be tortured by fire or anything else